Insect responses to drought events and salinity stress: unveiling direct and indirect effects

Document Type : Review Article


1 Department of Plant Protection, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Mashhad, , I. R. Iran

2 Department of Plant Protection, School of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, I. R. Iran



The future holds a projection of escalated occurrences of extreme climate events, which are expected to affect insect life substantially. Extensive research efforts in this field have witnessed rapid expansion despite significant gaps in knowledge. This review article addresses a deeper understanding of the impacts of severe climate events on insects that outline promising avenues for future research in this field. Drought has emerged as one of the predominant forms of extreme climate events that have extensively influenced insects, as frequently documented in the literature. The significance of drought occurrences on insects is crucial within the climate change scenario. Furthermore, the increasing occurrence and intensity of drought episodes, which are associated with changes in the climate, can result in elevated salinity levels in water bodies and soils. These changes have far-reaching implications for ecosystems, including impacts on biology, survival, and insect behavior. This review aims to analyze developments in information acquisition with anticipated climate change implications, particularly drought and salinity, on various aspects of insect life.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

پاسخ حشرات به رویدادهای خشکسالی و تنش شوری: آشکار کردن اثرات مستقیم و غیر مستقیم

Authors [Persian]

  • لیدا فکرت 1
  • مریم آل عصفور 2
1 گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ج.ا. ایران
2 گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی شیراز، دانشگاه شیراز، ج.ا. ایران
Abstract [Persian]

در آینده پیش‌بینی می‌شود رخدادهای شدید آب و هوایی افزایش یابد و انتظار می‌رود که این رخدادها اثرات قابل‌توجهی بر حشرات داشته باشند. تلاش های تحقیقاتی گسترده در این زمینه در حال انجام است با این حال، شکاف های قابل توجهی در دانش وجود دارد. برای به دست آوردن بینش در مورد اثرات رویدادهای آب و هوایی شدید بر حشرات و ترسیم راه های امیدوارکننده برای تحقیقات آینده در این زمینه، این مرور انجام شد. همانطور که در بررسی منابع دیده می‌شود خشکسالی به عنوان یکی از اشکال غالب رویدادهای شدید آب و هوایی است که به طور گسترده بر حشرات تأثیر می‌گذارد. تأثیر خشکسالی بر حشرات در زمینه تغییرات آب و هوایی مهم است. علاوه بر این، فراوانی و شدت فزاینده رویدادهای خشکسالی، که با تغییرات آب و هوایی مرتبط است، باعث افزایش سطح شوری در بدنه‌های آبی و خاک می‌شود. این تغییرات پیامدهای گسترده ای برای اکوسیستم ها، از جمله تأثیرات بر زیست شناسی، بقا و رفتار حشرات دارد. این بررسی با هدف تجزیه و تحلیل پیامدهای تغییر اقلیم ، به ویژه خشکسالی و شوری، بر جنبه های مختلف زندگی حشرات انجام شده است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • حشره
  • تنش خشکی
  • تنش شوری
  • جدول زندگی
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