Publication Ethics

Ethics in Publishing

Authorship of a manuscript should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the design, conception, execution, and interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors and others who have participated in certain aspects of the reported study should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors are listed appropriately and no inappropriate co-author is included, and all listed co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and agreed to its submission.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.

Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation is helped by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include*:

  • The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The submitted work should be original and should not have been published elsewhere in any form or language (partially or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work. (Please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the concerns about text-recycling (‘self-plagiarism’).
  • A single study should not be split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (i.e. ‘salami-slicing/publishing’).
  • Concurrent or secondary publication is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. Examples include: translations or a manuscript that is intended for a different group of readers.
  • Results should be presented clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation (including image based manipulation). Authors should adhere to discipline-specific rules for acquiring, selecting and processing data.
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (‘plagiarism’). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks (to indicate words taken from another source) are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions secured for material that is copyrighted.
  • If, during the initial review of the manuscript, the editor-in-chief or editorial board discovers an unethical aspect of the manuscript's context or methodology, the manuscript will be removed from the review process. Also, no new manuscripts from its author(s) will be accepted in the future.
  • Provided that the manuscript is under review, if the editor-in-chief or any referee perceives an unethical aspect in the manuscript, it will be withdrawn from the review process and no new manuscripts from its author(s) will be accepted in the future.
  • If the journal notices any unethical aspects in the article after the acceptance letter is issued by the journal office, the article will be withdrawn from the publication process and no new manuscripts will be accepted by its authors.
  • On the condition that the article is published and indexed, whenever it is approved any unethical document towards that, the published article officially retracted and it will be announced to related officials and those organizations which have indexed the article. Meanwhile, its author(s) will be put on the IAR blacklist.

Conflict of Interest

All authors of IAR are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any personal, financial or other relationships with other people or organizations within four years of beginning the submitted study that could inappropriately influence their study. In this regard, the authors are requested to fill out the “Form of conflict of interestand send its scan as a "Supplementary file" when submitting their manuscript. 

Submission Declaration and Verification

Submission of a manuscript to the Journal of IAR implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and responsible authorities where the study was carried out, and if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language. To verify originality, the manuscript may be checked by the Editorial Board using appropriate tools. 

Changes to Authorship

Before the accepted manuscript is published in an online issue of IAR, requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names must be sent to the Editor-in-Chief from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript. It must include: (i) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (ii) written confirmation (e-mail, letter, or fax) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of the addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Editor-in-Chief to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. Please note that changes to authorship cannot be made after acceptance of a manuscript.


If a manuscript contains any previous published image or text, it is the responsibility of the author to obtain authorization from copyright holders. The author is required to obtain and submit the written original permission letters for all copyrighted material used in his/her manuscripts.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 Process for identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct
Publisher and editors of Iran Agricultural Research (IAR) are reasonable to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others. In doing so, Iran Agricultural Research (IAR) is following of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and complies with the highest ethical standards in accordance with ethical laws (see COPE’s guidelines).



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.