The effects of foliar application of some micronutrient elements on the content and composition of the essential oil of Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.)

Document Type : Research Paper


Medicinal, Spicy and Aromatic Plants Research Center, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord Branch, Shahrekord, I. R. Iran



The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of micronutrient elements (Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn) application on the content and composition of essential oil of Damask rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) flowers in southwestern Iran (Shahrekord) in 2019 and 2020. Four foliar fertilizers including Librel Fe-Lo, Librel Cu, Librel Zn and Librel Mn were applied as mineral fertilizers. Librel Fe-Lo contains 13.2% chelated iron, Librel Zn is a foliar fertilizer with 14% Zinc in chelated form, Librel Cu has 14% copper in chelated form, and Librel Mn is comprised of 13% Mn chelated with EDTA. Results obtained from gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) showed 36 essential oil components. The highest (0.11-0.14%) and lowest (0.03-0.05%) levels of essential oil content were obtained from combined Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn treatment and control treatment, respectively. Plants treated by the combinations of 40 ppm of micronutrients (Fe3Cu3Zn3Mn3 treatment) and control produced the greatest and lowest amounts in most essential oil components, respectively. The predominant components of the essential oil included oxygenated monoterpenes including beta-citronellol (22.5-28.1%), geraniol (15.1-23.1%), camphor (0.86-2.3%), citronellol (0.4-1.9%), trans-geraniol (0.5-2.1%), together with aliphatic hydrocarbons  including nonadecane (11.1-13.3%), pentadecane (3.55-8.9%), and heneicosane (4.5-8.7%). Application higher than 40 ppm of micronutrients, most possibly due to toxicity, lowered both content and composition of essential oil.


Article Title [Persian]

اثرات محلول‌پاشی برخی عناصر ریزمغذی بر میزان و ترکیب اسانس گل محمدی (.Rosa damascena Mill)

Author [Persian]

  • مهراب یادگاری
مرکز تحقیقات گیاهان دارویی ادویه‌ای و عطری، واحد شهرکرد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شهرکرد، ج. ا. ایران
Abstract [Persian]

پژوهش حاضر برای بررسی تأثیر کاربرد عناصر ریزمغذی (آهن، مس، روی و منگنز) بر میزان و ترکیب اسانس گل محمدی (Rosa damascena Mill.) در جنوب غرب ایران (شهرکرد) در سال های 1398 و 1399 انجام شد. چهار کود برگی شامل لیبرل آهن، لیبرل روی، لیبرل مس و لیبرل منگنز به‌عنوان کود معدنی استفاده شد. کود لیبرل آهن حاوی 13/2٪ آهن کلات، کود لیبرل روی یک کود برگی با 14٪ روی به شکل کلات، کود لیبرل مس دارای 14٪ مس به صورت کلات، و کود لیبرل منگنز از 13٪ منگنز کلات شده با EDTA تشکیل شده است. نتایج بدست آمده از کروماتوگرافی گازی متصل به طیف‌سنج جرمی، نشان‌دهنده وجود 36 ترکیب در اسانس گیاهان گل محمدی بود. بیشترین (0/11-0/14 درصد) و کمترین (0/03-0/05 درصد) میزان اسانس به ترتیب از گیاهان تحت تیمار ترکیبی هر چهار عنصر ریزمغذی و گیاهان تحت تیمار شاهد بدست آمد. گیاهان تیمار شده با غلظت 40 میلی‌گرم در لیتر (40 ppm) از عناصر ریزمغذی (تیمار Fe3Cu3Zn3Mn3) و گیاهان شاهد به ترتیب دارای بیشترین و کمترین مقادیر در اکثر  اجزای اسانس بودند. مونوترپن‌های اکسیژنه شامل بتاسیترونلول (5/22-1/28 درصد)، ژرانیول (1/15- 1/23 درصد)، کامفور (0/86-2/3 درصد)، سیترونلول (0/4-1/9 درصد) و ترانس ژرانیول (0/5-2/1 درصد) و مونوترپن‌های حلقوی از جمله نونادکان (11/1-13/3 درصد)، پنتادکان (3/55- 8/9 درصد) و هنیکوزان (4/5- 8/7 درصد)؛ ترکیبات غالب اسانس گیاهان گل محمدی بودند. کاربرد بیش از 40 میلی‌گرم در لیتر از ریزمغذی‌ها، به احتمال بسیار زیاد به‌دلیل سمیت، منجر به کاهش میزان و اجزای اسانس گردید.

Keywords [Persian]

  • بتاسیترونلول
  • ژرانیول
  • عناصر ریزمغذی
  • گل محمدی
  • نونادکان
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