Abotalebian, M. H., & Meghisani, F. (2016). The effect of seed primer in the field and the method of application of zinc sulfate fertilizer on some growth indices of two maize cultivars in Hamedan. Journal of Crop Production and Processing, 5(18), 255-267. (In Persian).
Aghaeipour, N., Zavareh, M., & Kholdian, M. R. (2013). Influence of indole butyric acid (IBA) pretreatment on germination characteristics of bean seed (Phaseolus vulgaris Pinto Group) in salt stress. Journal of Crop Production and Technology in Agronomy and Horticulture, 7, 83-91. (In Persian).
Al Omrani Nejad, S. M. H., & Rezvani Aqdam, A. (2013). Effect hydropriming on seed germination of scallion (Allium fistulosum) under salinity stress. Seed Research (Journal of Seed Science and Technology), 3(2), 13-22 (In Persian).
Ansari, O., & Sharif-Zadeh, F. (2012). Does gibberelic acid (GA3), salicylic acid (SA) and ascorbic acid (ASC) improve mountain rye (Secale montanum) seeds germination and seedlings growth under cold stress? International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 3, 1651-1657.
Ashraf, M., & Foolad, M. R. (2005). Pre-sowing seed treatment – A shotgun approach to improve germination, plant growth, and crop yield under saline and non-saline conditions. Advances in Agronomy, 88, 223- 271.
Azad, H., Fazeli Nasab., B., & Sobhanizadeh, A. (2017). A study into the effect of jasmonic and humicacids on some germination characteristics of rosselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) seed under salinity stress. Iranian Journal of Seed Research, 4, 1-18. (In Persian).
Bartel, B., LeClere, S., Magidin, M., & Zolman, B. K. (2001). Inputs to the active indole-3-acetic acid pool: De novo synthesis, conjugate hydrolysis, and indole-3-butyric acid b-oxidation. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 20, 198-216.
Bhatt, A., Rawal, R. S., & Dhar, U. (2005). Germination improvement in Swertia angustifolia: A high value medicinal plant of Himalaya. Current Science, 89, 1008-1012.
Butola, J. S., and Badola, H. K. (2004). Effect of pre-sowing treatments on seed germination and seedling vigor in Angelica glauca, a threatened medicinal herb. Current Science, 87, 796-799.
Dong, L., Hao, Z., Li, Z., Zhu, J., & Wang, Q. (2014). Enhancement of welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.) seed vigor by KNO3 priming. Journal Agriculture Science Technology, 16, 1345-1353.
Enquist, B. J., & Niklas, K. J. (2002). Global allocation rules for patterns of biomass partitioning in seed plants. Science, 295, 1517-1520.
Fazeli Kakhki, S. F., Nezami, A., Parsa, M., & Kafi, M. (2014). Evaluation germination indices and seedling growth in sesame ecotype (Sesamum indicum L.) under salinity condition. Environmental Stresses in Crop Science, 7, 217-232. (In Persian)
Guney, K., Cetin, M., Guney, K. B., & Melekoglu, A. (2017). Effects of some hormone applications on Lilium martagon L. germination and morphological characters. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 26, 2533-2538.
Guangwu, Zh, & Xuwen, J. (2014). Roles of gibberellin and auxin in promoting seed germination and seedling vigor in Pinus massoniana. Forest Science, 60(2), 367-373.
Illescas, M., Pedrero-Méndez, A., Pitorini-Bovolini, A., Hermosa, R., & Monte, E. (2021). Phytohormone production profiles in Trichoderma Species and
their relationship to wheat plant responses to water stress. Pathogens, 10, 1-18.
Jafarian, A., Sajjadi, S. E., & Mohammadzadeh, A. (2006). The effects of methanolic and choloroformic extracts and Allium fistulosum L. on cell-mediated immune response in mice. Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2, 59-65.
Jemaa, E., Saida, A., & Sadok, B. (2011) Impact of indole-3-butyric acid and indole-3-acetic acid on the lateral roots growth of Arabidopsis under salt stress conditions. Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 2, 18-24.
Kim, S. K., Son, T. K., Park, S. Y., Lee, I. J., Lee, B. H., Kim, H. Y., & Lee, S. C. (2006). Influences of gibberellin and auxin on endogenous plant hormone and starch mobilization during rice seed germination under salt stress. Journal of Enviromental Biology, 27, 181-186.
Khalesro, Sh., & Aghaalikhani, M. (2007). Effect of salinity and water deficit stress on seed germination of forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. cultivar speed feed) and pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum L. cultivar nutria feed). Pajouhesh and Sazandegi, 77, 153-163. (In Persian)
Kumari, M., Yadav Patade, V., Arif, M., & Ahmed, Z. (2010). Effect of IBA on seed germination and rooting in cuttings for mass propagation on Jatropha curcas L strain DARL-2. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 6(6), 691-696.
Mehdizadeh, A., Aboutalebian, M. A., Hamzei, J., Ahmadvand, G., & Mousavi, R. (2012). Effect of seed priming and weed control on yield, yield components and harvest index of corn. Iranian Journal of Field Crops Research 10, 622- 633. (In Persian).
Mierzwinska, T. (1977). Effect of gibberellic acid on ɑ-amylase and ribonuclease activities in rye endosperm after various periods of grain storage. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 10, 69-78.
Miri, S. M., & Roughani, A. (2018). Allium species growing in Iran: chemical compositions and pharmacological activity. The first national congress and international fair of medicinal plants and strategies for persian medicine that affect diabetes. Mashhad, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences.
Nadjafi, F., Bannayan, M., Tabrizi, L., & Rastgoo, M. (2006). Seed germination and dormancy breaking techniques for Ferula gummosa and Teucrium polium. Journal of Arid Environments, 64, 542-547.
Nag, S., Paul, A., & Choudhuri, M. A. (2013). Changes in peroxidase activity during adventitious root formation at the base of mung been cuttings. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 2, 171-177.
Nemathi Khoei, M. R., Abasi Surki, H., & Fallah, S. (2018). Optimization of methods for increasing germination efficiency and emergence of medicinal herb. Iranian Journal of Seed Science and Technology, 7, 95-108. (In Persian).
Padula, G., Xia, X., & Holubwicz, R. (2022). Welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.) seed physiology, breeding, production and trade. Plants, 11, 343.
Rajabian, A., Saboura, A., Hasani, B., & Falah Hosseini, H. (2007). Effects of GA3 and chilling on seed germination of Ferula assa-foetida, as a medicinal plant. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 23, 391-404. (In Persian).
Robinson, D., Daviddson, H., Trinder, C., & Brooker, R. (2010). Root–shoot growth responses during interspecific competition quantified using allometric modeling. Annual Botany, 106, 921-926.
Saeidi, M., Abdoli, M., Azhand, M., & Jalali Honarmand, S. (2014). Effect of water stress and foliar application of indoleacetic acid at different growth stages on seed yield and germination characteristics of bread wheat cultivars. Iranian Journal of Seed Science and Technology, 3, 173-187. (In Persian).
Saini, S., Sharma, I., Kaur, N., & Pati, P. k. (2013). Auxin: A master regulator in plant root development. Plant Cell Research, 32,741-757. DOI 10.1007/s00299-013-1430-5
Senna, R., Simonin, V., Silva-Neto, M. A. C., & Fialho, E. (2006). Induction of acid phosphatase activity during germination of maize seeds. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 44, 467-473.
Sevik, H., & Turhan, H. (2015). Effects of IBA (Indole butyric acid) on rooting and newly stem to Turkish Lili (Lilium martagon L.) onion. The international conference on science, ecology and technology I, Vienna, Vienna, Iconsete’2015 Publishing.
Shakarami, B., Dianati-Tilaki, Gh., Tabari, M., and Behtari, B. (2011). The effect of priming treatments on salinity tolerance of Festuca arundinacea Schreb and Festuca ovina L. seeds during germination and early growth. Iranian Journal of Rangelands and Forests Plant Breeding and Genetic Research. 18(2), 318-328. (In Persian).
Sharma, A., Thakur, M., Rana, M., & Singh, K. (2004). Effect of plant growth hormones and abiotic stresses on germination, growth and phosphatase activities in Sorghum bicolor L. Moench seeds. African Journal of Biotechnology, 3, 308-312.
Shariati, M., Asemaneh, T., & Modares Hashemi, S. M. (2002). Effect of dormancy breaking treatments on Achillea millefolium. Pazhohesh and Sazandegi, 56-57, 2-8. (In Persian)
Sytar, O., Kumari, P., Yadav, S., Brestic, M., & Rastogi, A. (2019). Phytohormone priming: Regulator for heavy metal stress in plants. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 38, 739–752
Tahmasebi, R., Sajedi, N. A., & Shoaei, Sh. (2017). Evaluation effect of different solution and seed priming treatment on germination, agronomic and quality characteristics of red bean genotypes. Iranian Journal of Pulses Research, 8, 60-72. (In Persian).
Tanimoto, E. (2002). Gibberellins. In Waisel, Y., Eshel, A., & Kafkafi, U. (Eds.), Plant roots: the hidden half (pp. 405–416). New York: Marcel Dekker Inc.
Tanimoto, E. (2005). Regulation of root growth by plant hormones—roles for auxin and gibberellin. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 24, 249–265
Tavili, A., & Saberi, M. (2010). Effect of different treatment on improvement of seed germination and seedlings initial growth characteristics in Artemesia sieberi Boiss. Journal of Range and Watershed Management, 62, 515-525.
Woodward, A. W., & Bartel, B. (2005). Auxin: Regulation, action, and interaction. Annals of Botany, 95, 707–735.
Yamazaki, H., Shiraiwa, N., Itai, A., & Honda, I. (2015). Involvement of gibberellins in the regulation of tillering in welsh onion (Allium fistulosum L.). The Horticulture Journal, 84, 334–341.
Yan, J., Liao, X., He, R., Zhong, M., Feng, P., Li, X., Tang, D., Liu, X., Zhao, X. (2017). Ectopic expression of GA 2-oxidase 6 from rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) causes dwarfism, late ﬂowering and enhanced chlorophyll accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiology of Biochemistry, 111, 10–19.
Zkan Sivritepe, H.O., Nuray, S., Atilla, E., & Turhan, E. (2005). The effects of NaCl pretreatments on salt tolerance of melons grown under long-term salinity. Scientia Horticulturae. 106, 568-581.