Selection of lentil (Lens culinaris medik.) genotypes by assessing phenological, morphological, yield and yield attributes

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Legume Department, Research Centre for Plant Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, I. R. Iran

2 Legume Department, Research Centre for Plant Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, I. R. Iran & Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, I. R. Iran

3 Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, I. R. Iran

4 Shirvan Higher Education Complex, I. R. Iran

Abstract

It is crucial to benefit from the lentil genetic resources to select them for greater economic yield and take advantage of the maximum production potential by local germplasms. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the phenological, morphological characteristics, yield, and yield components of 15 lentil genotypes in the Research Field, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran, in February 2019. The experiment was carried out based on completely randomized blocks with three replications. According to the results, the MLC47 genotype was superior to other genotypes with a plant height of 44.7 cm and 4.4 branches per plant. In addition, the MLC33 genotype had the most filled pods with 79.4% fertility, and no significant difference was observed between this genotype and 60% of the entire genotypes in this regard. Moreover, the MLC454 and MLC47 genotypes had the highest seed yield with 133.8 and 125 g seeds per plant, respectively. Cluster grouping and comparison of means of the groups with the total mean showed that the MLC33 and MLC454 genotypes had a higher mean, compared to other genotypes in 69% of the studied traits. So that these two genotypes could be used in future research projects to identify and select the superior lentil genotypes.

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

به‌گزینی ژنوتیپ‌های عدس(.Lens culinaris medik) از طریق ارزیابی خصوصیات فنولوژیکی، مورفولوژیکی، عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد

Authors [فارسی]

  • جعفر نباتی 1
  • احمد نظامی 2
  • علیرضا حسن فرد 3
  • محمد زارع مهرجردی 4
  • مهدی راستگو 3
1 گروه پژوهشی بقولات، پژوهشکده علوم گیاهی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ج. ا. ایران
2 گروه پژوهشی بقولات، پژوهشکده علوم گیاهی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ج. ا. ایران و گروه اگروتکنولوژی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ج. ا. ایران
3 گروه اگروتکنولوژی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ج. ا. ایران
4 مجتمع آموزش عالی شیروان، شیروان، ج. ا. ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

بهره‌مندی از منابع ژنتیکی عدس جهت به‌گزینی آن‌ها در زمینۀ عملکرد اقتصادی بیشتر و بهره‌گیری از حداکثر پتانسیل تولید از طریق جایگزینی تعداد محدودی از ارقام اصلاح‌ شده با ژرم‌پلاسم بومی امری ضروری است. به همین منظور مطالعۀ حاضر در اواسط بهمن‌ماه 1397 در راستای ارزیابی خصوصیات فنولوژیک، مورفولوژیک، عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد 15 ژنوتیپ عدس در مزرعۀ تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که ژنوتیپ MLC47 با ارتفاع 44/7 سانتی‌متر و تعداد 4/4 شاخه در بوته در مقایسه با سایر ژنوتیپ‌ها برتر بود. ژنوتیپ MLC33 با باروری 79/4 درصد بیش‌ترین غلاف بارور را داشت و 60 درصد از ژنوتیپ‌ها به‌لحاظ آماری با این ژنوتیپ در این صفت تفاوت معنی‌داری نداشتند. همچنین ژنوتیپ‌های MLC454 و MLC47 به ترتیب با 133/8 و 125 گرم دانه در بوته بیش‌ترین عملکرد دانه را داشتند. گروه‌بندی خوشه‌ای و مقایسه میانگین گروه‌ها با میانگین کل نشان داد که ژنوتیپ‌های MLC33 و MLC454 در 69 درصد از صفات مورد بررسی، میانگین بیشتری نسبت به سایر ژنوتیپ‌ها داشتند که می‌توانند در برنامه‌های تحقیقاتی آتی برای شناسایی و به‌گزینی ژنوتیپ‌های برتر عدس مورد استفاده قرار گیرند.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • غلاف بارور
  • منابع ژنتیکی
  • ژرم‌پلاسم داخلی
  • عملکرد دانه
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