Mechanical analysis of cluster-grain separator device of a new head of paddy harvesting machine

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Biosystems Engineering Department, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

2 - Biosystems Engineering Department, College of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor of Biosystems Engineering Department, Shiraz University, Shiraz, I.R. Iran.

4 Department of Biosystems Engineering, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, I. R. Iran


This paper presents stress and strain analysis of outer shaft shoulder (OSS) and inner shaft shoulder (ISS) of a new paddy harvesting head (PHH) using finite element method (FEM). Snapping grain unit is a part of this head, with OSS and ISS as its members. The analysis was performed using the ABAQUS software with Dynamics Explicit Solution Method. Eight-node block and four-node tetrahedral elements were used to mesh the parts of the head. After the analyses, the stress and strain curves, and their maximum values were estimated for various parts. Analytical method was used to verify the FEM results and to calculate the factor of safety (FS) of the OSS and ISS components and also to estimate the number of cycles to failure of each component. The maximum amount of force applied to each tooth of shoulder was 4.29 Nmm-1. The maximum stress in both shoulders was obtained as 44.43 MPa. Other results showed, fatigue factors of safety for all components were less than their relevant yield factor of safety. Therefore, the fatigue in components would occur first. The study showed the predicted life for OSS and ISS components is more than 106 cycles, thus the components have an infinite-life. A fitted regression line to the data showed that the calculated stresses from analytical method lie within bounds of 7.89 % of the predicted values with a coefficient of determination of 0.98. Hence, it could be concluded that there is a good agreement between the analytical and FEM results.


Article Title [Persian]

تحلیل مکانیکی سامانه جدا کننده دانه از خوشه یک هد جدید برداشت دانه های شلتوک

Authors [Persian]

  • هادی عظیمی نژاد 1
  • تیمور توکلی هشجین 2
  • محمد امین نعمت اللهی 3
  • سید حسین کارپرورفرد 4
1 گروه مهندسی مکانیک بیوسیستم، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ج. ا. ایران
3 استادیار بخش مهندسی بیوسیستم، دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ج.ا. ایران
4 گروه مهندسی مکانیک بیوسیستم، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ج. ا. ایران
Abstract [Persian]

در این مقاله تحلیل تنش و کرنش شانه محور بیرونی و شانه محور درونی هد برداشت جدید برنج با استفاده از روش المان محدود ارائه می‌شود. این هد برداشت شامل سامانه جدا کننده دانه از ساقه بوده که هریک از شانه­­های محورهای بیرونی و درونی عضوی از این سامانه می­باشند. از نرم‌افزاز اباکوس با حلگر صریح دینامیکی برای انجام واکاوی، و از بلوک­های هشت گره­ای و المان­های تتراهدرال به منظور المان­بندی قطعات استفاده شد. پس از اتمام شبیه­سازی، نمودارهای تنش و کرنش قطعات رسم شده و مقادیر بیشینه آن­ها در هر یک از قطعات تعیین شد. از روش تحلیلی به منظور صحت سنجی نتایج حاصل از شبیه­سازی و همچنین محاسبه ضریب اطمینان و تعیین عمر هر یک از قطعات استفاده شد. حداکثر میزان نیروی اعمال شده بر روی هر دندانه شانه 29/4 نیوتن بر میلیمتر بود. حداکثر تنش در هر دو شانه 43/44 مگاپاسکال بدست آمد. نتایج نشان داد ضریب اطمینان خستگی تمام قطعات از ضریب اطمینان تسلیم آن­ها کمتر است. بنابراین قطعات زودتر دچار خستگی می­شوند. عمر محاسبه شده برای هر یک از قطعات بیشتر از  ۱۰۶بود. بنابراین قطعات (شانه محور بیرونی و شانه محور درونی) در محدوده عمر نامحدود قرار دارند. خط رگرسیون با ضریب تبیین ۹۸/۰ بر داده­ها انطباق داده شد و همچنین اختلاف بین داده­های پیش­بینی شده از روش المان محدود و محاسبه شده با روش تحلیلی در محدوده ۸۹/۷± بود. بنابراین می­توان نتیجه گرفت که انطباق قابل قبولی بین داده­های پیش­بینی شده و محاسبه شده، وجود دارد. 

Keywords [Persian]

  • روش المان محدود
  • هد برداشت دانه‌های شلتوک
  • واکاوی تنش
  • واکاوی کرنش
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