An appropriate method to determine the interaction type of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV)

Document Type : Full Article


1 Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz I. R. Iran

2 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, College of Agriculture, and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, I.R. Iran


The occurrence of viral co-infection is a common phenomenon in cultivated and native plant species and can alter the dynamics of virus infection. In this study, disease progress was examined in single and mixed infections of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) by measuring the rate of symptom development, disease severity and area under disease progress curve on infected bean and broad bean. Simultaneous infection of bean to CMV and BYMV caused higher disease severity; however, no significant differences in disease severity were found on broad bean. In this study, a novel statistical approach (Abbott's approach) was used to recognize virus joint action in bean and broad bean hosts. Abbott's approach indicated synergistic effect between CMV and BYMV on bean only while the interaction was antagonistic when growth responses were considered on the same host. In broad bean plants inoculated with CMV+BYMV, CMV and BYMV, the two viruses affected disease severity and growth responses in an additive manner. Taken together, Abbott's approach was an appropriate method to determine synergistic interaction in these pathosystems.


Article Title [Persian]

روشی مناسب برای تعیین نوع برهمکنش ویروس موزائیک خیار و ویروس موزائیک زرد لوبیا

Authors [Persian]

  • امین اله طهماسبی 1
  • حبیب اله حمزه زرقانی 1
  • علیرضا افشاریفر 1
  • اکبر دیزجی 2
1 گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز- شیراز- ج. ا. ایران
2 گروه گیاهپزشکی ، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ج. ا. ایران
Abstract [Persian]

وقوع آلودگی همزمان پدیده­ای رایج در گونه­های گیاهی است که می­تواند منجر به تغییرات در آلودگی ویروس­ها شود. در این مطالعه، پیشرفت بیماری در آلودگی­های مخلوط و انفرادی ویروس موزائیک خیار و ویروس موزائیک زرد لوبیا توسط اندازه­گیری گسترش علائم، شدت بیماری و سطح زیر منحنی پیشرفت بیماری در لوبیا و باقلا بررسی شد. آلودگی همزمان لوبیا به ویروس موزائیک خیار و ویروس موزائیک زرد لوبیا، شدت بیماری بالاتر میزبان را باعث شد، اما تفاوت معنی داری در باقلا مشاهده نشد. روش Abbottاثر هم افزایی در لوبیا بین ویروس موزائیک خیار و ویروس موزائیک زرد لوبیا نشان داد، در حالی که بر پایه پاسخ­های رشدی میزبان، برهمکنش از نوع آنتاگونیست بود. در باقلا، روش Abbott و پاسخ­های رشدی میزبان، برهمکنش ویروس‌ها را از نوع افزایشی نشان داد. به طور کلی، روش Abbott روشی مناسب برای تعیین نوع برهمکنش از نوع هم افزایی در این پاتوسیستم­ها بود.

Keywords [Persian]

  • آلودگی مخلوط
  • پاسخ‌های رشدی
  • روش Abbott
  • ویروس موزائیک خیار
  • ویروس موزائیک زرد لوبیا
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