Comparison and potential utilization of sugarcane bagasse, date palm wastes and grape waste mixed with cow manure for the production of vermicompost and as feed material for earthworms

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

Department of Agronomy and Crop Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Ilam University, Ilam, I. R. Iran

Abstract

In this study, various agricultural and industrial organic wastes were mixed with cow manure (CM) as the main raw material to compare their properties for the production of vermicompost and as feed material for earthworms. Cow manure, alone and in mixed with sugarcane bagasse (BG), date palm wastes (DW) and grape waste (GW) at the ratios of 3:1, 1:1, and 1:3 were used for culturing of the earthworm, Eisenia foetida. Total number, final biomass and the final length of earthworms and resulting vermicomposts were analyzed for their properties and chemical compositions after 70 days. Results showed that the growth of the earthworms in terms of the total number, final biomass and final length in CM mixed with GW at the ratio of 3:1 were significantly greater than those in other mixture treatments probably due to the neutral pH condition (pH = 7.1). The mixture of cow manure and bagasse resulted in the highest rate of vermicompost production that was 24.6 Kg m-3. The mixture of CM and GW provided the best conditions for E. foetida growing. CM mixed with GW produced the best results in terms of the chemical composition of the resulting vermicompost. Results of this study showed that vermicomposting was an adequate process for the degradation of sugarcane bagasse, grape waste and date fruit waste. The aforementioned organic wastes could be mixed with cow dung to produce quality vermicompost.

Keywords


Article Title [فارسی]

مقایسه و ارزیابی پتانسیل کاربرد باگاس نیشکر، دوریزهای خرما و انگور در مخلوط با کود گاوی برای تولید ورمیکمپوست و به عنوان مواد غذایی کرم خاکی (Eisenia foetida)

Authors [فارسی]

  • سیدهادی حسینی جعفری
  • محمدجواد زارع
گروه زراعت و اصلاحات نباتات دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ج.ا. ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

در این مطالعه دورریزهای آلی حاصل از بخش کشاورزی و صنعتی با کود دامی حاصل از گاومیش به عنوان ماده اولیه اصلی مخلوط شدند تا خواص آنها برای تولید و رمیکمپوست و به عنوان ماده خوراک کرم خاکی مقایسه شوند. کود گاومیش بطور جداگانه و مخلوط با باگاس نیشکر، دورریزهای خرما و انگور به نسبتهای 1:3، 1:1 و 3:1 برای آماده سازی بستر پرورش کرم خاکی Eisenia foetida استفاده شدند. تعداد، وزن و طول نهایی کرمها و ویژگیها و ترکیبات شیمیایی در پایان آزمایش (70 روز) در ورمی کمپوست های حاصل شده اندازه­گیری شدند. نتایج نشان داد که رشد کرمها از نظر تعداد، وزن و طول در بستر آماده شده از تلفیق کود گاومیش با دورریزهای انگور در نسبت 1:3بیش از سایر تیمارها ثیت گردید که علت آن میزان اسیدیته نزدیک به خنثی بستر کشت تهیه شده بود. تلفیق کود گاومیش و باگاس نیشکر منجر به تولید میزان بیشتری از ورمی کمپوست به میزان 6/24 کیلوگرم در مترمربع ورمی کمپوست گردید. مخلوط دورریزهای خرما با کود گاومیش منجر به فراهم آمدن بهترین شرایط جهت فعالیت کرمها گردید که می­تواند به علت شرایط اسیدیته نزدیک به خنثی (pH = 7.1) باشد. بر اساس تجزیه آنالیز شیمیایی حاصل از ورمی کمپوستهای حاصله، ورمی کمپوست حاصل شده از ترکیب کود گاومیش با دوریزهای انگور بهترین ترکیبات شیمیایی را داشت. همچنین آزمایش انجام گرفته قابیلت تجزیه باگاس نیشکر، دوریزهای انگور و خرما را از طریق ورمیکمپوست و امکان مخلوط دوریزهای آلی نامبرده شده را با کود گاوی به جهت تولید ورمیکمپوست نشان داد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • دورریزهای آلی کشاورزی
  • کرم خاکی Eisenia foetida
  • ورمی کمپوست
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