%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of applied force direction on bending behavior of boxwood stalk
%J Iran Agricultural Research
%I Shiraz University
%Z 1013-9885
%A Kamandar, M.R
%A Khoshnam, F
%A Ghasemkhani, H
%D 2022
%\ 09/01/2022
%V 41
%N 1
%P 29-38
%! Effect of applied force direction on bending behavior of boxwood stalk
%K bending stress
%K major and minor diameter
%K Youngâ€™s modulus
%R 10.22099/iar.2022.40651.1442
%X The bending behavior analysis of boxwood stalk, including bending force, bending strength, and Young’s modulus, were carried out at different loading rates and internode positions as a function of applied force direction to design a new hedge trimmer machine. Given that the cross-section of the stalk is oval, the stalk specimens were examined in a quasi-static process at four loading rates of 5, 10, 15, and 20 mm min-1, three internode positions of fifth, tenth, and fifteenth, and two directions of the applied force of the oval major (x-direction) and minor (y-direction) diameters. The results showed that the loading rate of 20 mm min-1 had 20–30% and 15–20% lower values for the bending force and bending strength than the loading rate of 5 mm min-1 for all stalk regions and both directions of applied force. Also, the loading rate of 20 mm min-1 had 50–70% and 35–40% lower values for Young’s modulus than the loading rate of 5 mm min-1 in the x and y directions of applied force, respectively, for all stalk regions. The fifth internode had 40–48% and 35–37% lower values for bending force and bending strength than that of the fifteenth internode position for all loading rates and both applying force directions. Also, the fifteenth internode position had 50–80% and 40–60% lower values for Young’s modulus than the fifth internode position in the x and y directions of applied force, respectively, for all stalk regions.
%U https://iar.shirazu.ac.ir/article_6671_44bb6f5466c8ac7f01d792cc3e184565.pdf