Evaluation of land suitability for irrigation using fuzzy analytic hierarchy process

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Moghan College of Agriculture and Natural Resources - Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, I. R. Iran

10.22099/iar.2020.35610.1376

Abstract

Use of new techniques to evaluate irrigation areas can enhance water use efficiency in agriculture. In this study, the fuzzy analytic hierarchy Process (FAHP) was used to qualitative land suitability for sprinkler irrigation and was compared with the parametric method. Evaluation based on parametric method showed that an area of about 1597.83 hectares (31%) of the lands was highly suitable (S1) and an area of about 787.3 hectares (15%) was “moderately suitable” (S2). About 2242.9 hectares (43%) were marginally suitable (S3). Permanently inappropriate suitability included about 546.91 hectares (11%). Inappropriate in present condition suitability matched no land in the study zone. Based on the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchical Process, there was not highly suitable (S1) area in the plain. The parts with S2 suitability also included an area of about 432.96 hectares (8.3%). Moreover, areas of about 3100.98 hectares (59.9%) were marginally suitable (S3). Some southwest and eastern parts of the plain were not currently suitable (N1) that included an area of about 1277.68 hectares (24.6%). N2 suitability was also observed in some southern in two parts including an area of about 363.38 hectares (7%). Since about 31% of the lands were included as "highly suitable" areas based on the parametric method, and in contrast, there was no "highly suitable" areas in FAHP method, so considering the area of "highly suitable" shown that there was a significant difference between the two methods in terms of "highly suitable" land evaluation. Considering the gradual changes in soil properties, FAHP evaluation has higher accuracy than the ordinary parametric method in evaluating land suitability.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

ارزیابی تناسب اراضی برای آبیاری با استفاده از فرآیند تحلیل سلسله مراتبی فازی

Author [Persian]

  • یاسر حسینی
دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی مغان- دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ج. ا. ایران
Abstract [Persian]

 
- استفاده از روش‌های جدید برای تعیین ارزیابی اراضی می تواند باعث افزایش بهره وری آب در کشاورزی شود.  در این تحقیق از فرآیند تحلیل سلسله مراتبی فازی (FAHP[1]) برای بهینه‌سازی ارزیابی پارامتریک تناسب اراضی، در روش آبیاری بارانی استفاده شد و نتایج با روش پارامتریک مقایسه گردید، نتایج روش معمول پارامتریک مشخص نمود که مساحتی حدود 83/1597هکتار (31 درصد) از اراضی دارای تناسب 1S (کاملاً مناسب) بوده و مساحتی حدود3/787 هکتار(15 درصد) دارای تناسب 2S (نسبتاً مناسب) بود و تناسب 3S (تاحدودی مناسب) مساحتی حدود 9/2242هکتار (43درصد) را شامل می‌شد. همچنین تناسب 2N (نامناسب دائمی) مساحتی حدود 91/546 هکتار (11 درصد) را در بر‌گرفته و تناسب 1N (نامناسب در شرایط فعلی)،  در منطقه مورد مطالعه وجود نداشت.. ارزیابی براساس سیستم سلسله مراتب فازی،  نشان داد که در منطقه تناسب 1S  وجود نداشته و مناطقی که دارای تناسب 2S بودند، مساحتی حدود 96/432 هکتار(3/8 درصد) را شامل می‌شد. همچنین حدود 98/3100 هکتار (9/59 درصد) دارای تناسب 3S بوده و اراضی با تناسب 1N مساحتی حدود 68/1277هکتار (6/24 درصد) را در قسمت جنوب غربی و شرق دشت، شامل شد و تناسب 2N  نیز، مساحتی حدود 38/363 هکتار ( 7 درصد) را  در قسمت جنوبی و در دو ناحیه دشت، شامل شد. از آنجاکه حدود 31 درصد از اراضی براساس روش پارامتریک جزو مناطق "کاملا مناسب" قرار گرفتند و در مقابل در روش ارزیابی سلسله مرتب فازی مناطق "کاملا مناسب" وجود نداشت، در نظر گرفتن مساحت اراضی "کاملا مناسب" نشان داد که تفاوت عمده‌ای بین دو روش از لحاظ ارزیابی اراضی "کاملا مناسب" وجود دارد که این موضوع اختلافی معنی‌دار دو روش را نشان می‌دهد. در نظر گرفتن تغییرات تدریجی در ارزیابی در روش سلسله مراتبی فازی، دقت بیش‌تر این روش را نسبت به روش معمول پارامتریک سبب می‌گردد.



[1]- Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchical Process






[1]- Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchical Process



 



[1]- Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchical Process

Keywords [Persian]

  • روش تحلیل سلسله مراتب فازی*
  • سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیائی (GIS)
  • ارزیابی اراضی
  • پارامتریک
  • آبیاری بارانی
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