Factors Affecting Attitude of Iranian Pistachio Farmers toward Privatizing Extension Activities: Case of Kerman Province

Document Type: Full Article


1 Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz I. R. Iran

2 Socio-Economic and Agricultural Extension Research Department, Fars Agricultural andNatural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Shiraz. I. R. Iran



Agricultural extension, as an informal educational system, is one of agricultural development tools that lean on human capitals. Inefficiency of public bureaucracy on the one hand, and managerial problems on the other hand, as well as neglecting real needs of beneficiaries in planning, have determined responsible to transfer administrative tasks to the private sector and reduce government''s tenure. This survey was conducted in Kerman as the first ranked province of pistachio production in Iran to investigate attitudes about extension private services among pistachio farmers. A questionnaire was used as the research tool for data collection. Face validity of the questionnaire was verified by extension experts and Cronbach''s alpha computation showed that reliability of the questionnaire was between 0.8 and 0.89. The study ran among pistachio farmers of five counties (Rafsanjan, Sirjan, Zarand, Kerman and Ravar). Random cluster sampling method, with a sample size of 382 respondents was applied. Finally, the collected data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results revealed that several factors such as education level, participating in extension activities, innovation acceptance, membership in associations, cosmopolitan, positive attitude toward knowledge and information, applying numerous information resources, pistachio yield per hectare, area of the pistachio garden and satisfaction of the private consultants had relation with attitude toward privatization of extension. Also, the level of participation in extension activities and attitude toward the public extension could explain 24.8 percent of changes in attitude toward private extension.


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر نگرش کشاورزان پسته‌کار ایران به خصوصی‌سازی فعالیت‌های ترویج کشاورزی: مورد مطالعه استان کرمان

Authors [Persian]

  • نامدار راضیه 1
  • آرمان بخشی جهرمی 2
1 گروه آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز- شیراز ج. ا. ایران
2 بخش تحقیقات اقتصادی، اجتماعی و ترویجی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی فارس، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ، شیراز، ج. ا. ایران
Abstract [Persian]

ترویج کشاورزی به‌عنوان یک نظام آموزشی خارج از مدرسه، یکی از ابزارهای توسعه کشاورزی است که بر سرمایه‌های انسانی تکیه دارد. ناکارائی نظام دولتی از یکسو و مشکلات مدیریتی و اعتباری از سوی دیگر و مضاف بر آن بی­توجهی به نیازهای واقعی بهره‌ برداران در برنامه­ریزی­ها، متولیان امر را مصمم به واگذاری امور اجرائی به بخش خصوصی و کاهش تصدی‌گری دولت نموده است. تحقیق حاضر در استان کرمان به عنوان رتبه نخست تولید پسته ایران، با هدف بررسی نگرش پسته­کاران به خدمات خصوصی ترویج انجام شد. از پرسشنامه به‌عنوان ابزار تحقیق برای جمع­آوری داده­ها استفاده گردید. روائی صوری آن توسط کارشناسان ترویج تأیید شد و  به روش کرونباخ آلفا، پایائی شاخص­های آن بین 80/0 تا 89/0 محاسبه گردید. جمعیت مورد مطالعه شامل پسته­کاران پنج شهرستان پسته خیز استان کرمان شامل رفسنجان، سیرجان، زرند، کرمان و راور بود. روش نمونه­گیری بصورت نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای تصادفی بوده و حجم نمونه 382 نفر تعیین شد. تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از نرم­افزار آماری SPSS انجام گرفت. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که عوامل متعددی همانند سطح تحصیلات، شرکت در فعالیت­های ترویجی، نوپذیری، عضویت در تشکل‌ها، جهان‌شهری بودن، نگرش مثبت نسبت به دانش و اطلاعات، بکارگیری منابع متعدد اطلاعات، عملکرد تولید پسته در هکتار، مساحت باغ پسته و رضایت از مشاوران خصوصی با نگرش نسبت به خصوصی­سازی خدمات ترویج کشاورزی  ارتباط دارند. همچنین میزان مشارکت در فعالیت های ترویج و نگرش نسبت به ترویج دولتی توانستند 8/24 درصد از تغییرات در نگرش نسبت به خصوصی‌سازی ترویج را تبیین نمایند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • نگرش
  • کشاورزان
  • خصوصی سازی ترویج
  • کرمان
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