Qualitative characteristics of sugar beet as affected by different broadleaf herbicides combinations

Document Type: Full Article

Authors

1 Departmentof Crop Production and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, I. R.Iran

2 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, I.R. Iran.

Abstract

ABSTRACT-Several herbicides are registered for selective weed control in sugar beet; however, no single chemical herbicide can control all weeds in beet fields. Frequently, two or more herbicides may have to be combined sequentially or as tank mixed to achieve adequate broad-spectrum weed control. In order to evaluate the effects of some combinations of broadleaf herbicides on sugar beet yield and quality, a field experiment was conducted in randomized complete block design with three replications at Miandoaab Agricultural Research Station during 2009-2010 growing season. The results showed that weed competition decreased root yield up to 84%. The maximum root yield (73.66 tha-1) was obtained from 4.5 kgha-1metamitron application at 2-to 4-leaf stage and the minimum root yield was obtained in the control (20.66tha-1). The herbicide treatments had a significant effect on white sugar content so that the highest white sugar yield was achieved from bettanal Progress Am herbicide (10.9 tha-1) and the lowest white sugar yield was found in control treatment (1.49 tha-1). The lowest sodium, potassium, amino-nitrogen as well as molasses content were obtained from phenmedipham + desmedipham + ethofumesate and the highest value for the above parameters was observed in control treatment. Generally, weed competition led to decreasing root yield and sugar content and treatment bettanal Progress Am herbicide was recommended to control broadleaf weeds.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی خصوصیات کیفی چغندرقند تحت تأثیر ترکیب‏ های مختلف پهن‏ برگ‏ کش‏ ها

Authors [Persian]

  • محمد مجیدی 1
  • غلامرضا حیدری 2
  • یحیی امام 1
1 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ج. ا. ایران
2 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج. ج. ا. ایران
Abstract [Persian]

چکیده-علفکش‏‏ های زیادی وجود دارند که برای کنترل علف‏ های هرز در چغندر قند به ثبت رسیده‏اند، ولی یک علف‏ کش به طور خاص وجود ندارد که بتواند تمام علف‏ های هرز را به طور کامل کنترل کند. اغلب ترکیب دو یا چند علف‏ کش در مخزن سمپاش به صورت متناوب می‏تواند برای رسیدن به کنترل بهتر علف‏های هرز پهن‏ برگ مورد استفاده قرار گیرد. به منظور بررسی اثرات ترکیب علف‏ کش‏ های پهن‏ برگ‏ کش روی عملکرد و خصوصیات کیفی چغندرقند آزمایشی در قالب طرح بلوک‏ های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در ایستگاه تحقیقاتی میاندوآب در آذربایجان غربی در سال 89-88 انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که علف ‏های هرزعملکرد چغندرقند را تا 84 درصد کاهش دادند. بیشترین میزان عملکرد ریشه (66/73 تن در هکتار) ازکاربرد تیمار متامیترون به میزان 5/4 کیلوگرم در هکتار در مرحله 2 تا 4 برگی و کمترین میزان (66/20 تن در هکتار) از تیمار شاهد بدست آمد. بر اساس جدول تجزیه واریانس تیمارهای علف‏ کشی روی درصد قند تأثیر معنی‏ داری داشتند. بالاترین درصد قند خالص از تیمار بتانالپراگرسآام (9/10 تن در هکتار) و کمترین درصد مربوط به تیمار شاهد(49/1 تن در هکتار) بود. کمترین میزان مواد مضره شامل سدیم ،پتاسیم و آمینو اسید و همچنین ملاس از ترکیب علف‏ کش‏ های فن مدیفام، دسمدیفام و اتوفومسیت و بیشترین مقدار از تیمار شاهد بدست آمد. به طورکلی رقابت علف‏ های هرز باعث کاهش عملکرد ریشه و درصد قند شد وتیمار بتانالپراگرسآام بهترین تیمار علف‏ کشی برای کنترل علف‏ های هرز پهن‏ برگ مزرعه چغندر قند بود.

Keywords [Persian]

  • واژه‏ های کلیدی:
  • بتانالپراگرسآام
  • علف‏ کش
  • ملاس
  • درصد قند
Abbaspoor, M., Teicher, H.B., & Streibig, J.C. (2008). The effect of root-absorbed PSII inhibitors on Kautsky curve parameters in sugar beet. Journal of Weed Research, 46, 226–235.

Abdollahi, F., & Ghadiri, H. (2004). Effect of separate and combined applications of herbicides on weed control and yield of sugar beet. Journal of Weed Technology, 18, 968–976.

Ashrafi, Z.Y., Mashhadi, H.R., Sadeghi, S., & Blackshaw, R.E. (2009). Study effects of planting methods and tank mixed herbicides on weeds controlling and wheat yield. Journal of Agricultural Science, 1, 101-111.

Blackshaw, R.E., O’Donovan, J.T., Harker, K.N., Clayton, G.W., & Stougaard, R.T. (2006). Reduced herbicide doses in field crops. A review. Journal of Weed Biology Management,6, 10–17.

Dale, T.M., & Renner, K.A. (2005). Timing of post emergence micro-rate applications based on growing degree days in sugar beet. Journal of Sugar Beet Research, 42, 87-102.

Dale, T.M., McGrath, J.M., & Renner, K.A. (2005). Response of sugar beet varieties and populations to post emergence herbicides. Journal of Sugar Beet Research, 42,119-126.

Deveikyte, I., & Seibutis, V. (2006). Broadleaf weeds and sugar beet response to phenmedipham, desmedipham, ethofumesate and triflusulfuron-methyl. Agronomy Research, 4 (Special issue),159–162.

Deveikyte, I., & Seibutis, V. (2008). The influence of post-emergence herbicides combinations on broad-leaved weeds in sugar beet. Žemdirbystė Mokslodarbai LŽI Akademija, 95, 43–49.

Dieleman, J.A., & Mortensen, D.A. (1998). Influence of weed biology and ecology on development of reduced dose strategies for integrated weed management systems. Journal of Weed and Soil Management, 53, 333-362.

Green, J.M. (1989). Herbicide antagonism in the whole plant level. Weed Technology, 3, 217–26.

Hatzios, K.K., & Penner, D. (1985). Interactions of herbicides with other agrochemicals in higher plants.Rev. Journal of Weed Science, 1, 1–63.

Heidari, G.h., Dabbagh MohammadiNasab, A ., Javanshir, A., RahimzadehKhoie, F., & Moghaddam, M. (2007). Influence of redroot pigweed (Amaranthusretroflexus L.) emergence time and density on yield and quality of two sugar beet cultivars. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment, 5, 261-266.

Jafarnia, B., Ghorbani, R., Zare Feizabady, A., & Ghaemi, A. (2013). Impact of crop density and soil fertilization on sugar beet. Agriculture and Crop Science, 5, 2991-2999.

Lajos, K., & Lajos, M. (2000). Weed control with reduced herbicide applications in sugar beets Hungary. Journal Plant Disease and Protection, 7, 623–627.

Majidi, M., Heidari, G., & Mohammadi, K. (2011). Management of broad- leaved weeds by combination of herbicides in sugar beet production. Advances in Environmental Biology5(10), 3302-3306.

May, M. (2001). Crop protection in sugar beet. Pesticide Outlook, 12, 188–191.

Mehmeti, A. (2004) Three-year average effects of herbicides on weeds in potato and the yield of the crop.Herbologia5(1), 2004.

Petersen, J. (2004). Rotary band seeding glyphosate resistant sugar beet into dead and living mulch. International Institute of Sugar Beet Research 67th Congress, Bruxelles: 115—129.

Poorazar, R., & Ghadiri, H. (2001). Competition of wild oat (Avenafatua L.) with three wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) cultivars in greenhouse: Plant density effect. Iran. Iranian Journal of Crop Science, 3, 59-72.

Prodoehl, K.A., & Campbell, L.G. (1992). Phenmedipham + desmedipham effects on sugar beet. Agronomy Journal, 84,1002–1025.

RashedMohassel, M.H., Najafi, H., & Akbarzadeh, D. (2001). Biology and weed control. Ferdowsi Univeesity of Mashhad Press, Mashhad, Iran.

Reinefeld, E., Emmerich, A., Baumgarten, G., Winner, C., & Beiss, U .1974. ZurVoraussage des Melassezukersaus Rübenanalysen. Zuker, 27, 2-15.

Schwizer, E.E., & May, M.J. (1993). Weeds and weed control. In Cooke, D.A. and Scott, R.K. (eds). The Sugar Beet Crop: Science into Practice. Chapman and Hall, London: 485-519.

Scott, R.K., Wilcockson, S.J., & Moisey, F.R. (1979). The effects of time of weed removal on growth and yield of sugar beet. Agriculture Science, 93, 693–709.

Vencill, W. K. (2002). Herbicide Handbook (No. Ed. 8). Weed Science Society of America.

Weaver, S.E., & Williams, E.L. (1980). The biology of Canadian weeds: Amaranthus retroflexus L., Amaranthus powellii S. Wats. and Amaranthus hybridus L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 60,1215–1234.

Wilson, R.G., Smith, J.A., & Yonts, C.D. (2005). Repeated reduced rates of broadleaf herbicides in combination with methylated seed oil for post emergence weed control in sugar beet (Betavulgaris). Journal of Weed Technology, 19, 855–860.

Wittenbach, V.A.m., Koeppe, M.K and Lichtner, F.T .1994. Basis of selectivity of Triflusulfuron methyl in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 49, 72–81.

Zhang, J., Hamill, A.S., & Weaver, S.E. (1995). Antagonism and synergism between herbicides: trends from previous studies. Weed Technology, 9, 86–90.

Zoschke, A., & Quadranti, M. (2002). Integrated weed management: Quo vadis? Weed Biology and Management2(1), 1-10.