The effect of two humic substances on the growth and lead Uptake of corn in calcareous soil

Document Type: Full Article

Authors

Department of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, I. R. Iran

Abstract

ABSTRACT- In the past few decades, accumulation of heavy metals, such as lead (Pb), in soils has increased as a result of human activities.The environmental hazard associated with soil enrichment in heavy metals is related to their mobility and plant availability. Application of various materials such as humic may influence the amount of Pb taken up by plant. Four levels of each of liquid and solid commercial humic substances were applied in this study which were performed as two completely randomized factorial design experiments in a calcareous soil polluted with three levels of Pb. Results of a greenhouse study with corn (Zea mays L., cv Hido) showed that the two commercial humic substances with different chemical composition, affected dry mater yield differently. Influences of humic substances on dry mater yield were most likely dependent on their chemical composition. Maximum dry mater yield was observed at manufacturer's recommended levels of humic substances. But, the solid humic treatments had no significant effect on dry mater yield. Application of both liquid and solid commercial substances significantly increased uptake of Pb in corn shoots. Addition of humic substances significantly increased the enrichment factor in both experiments but affected the micronutrient uptake only slightly.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

تاثیر دو ماده هیومیک بر رشد و جذب سرب گیاه ذرت در یک خاک آهکی

Authors [Persian]

  • راضیه کاظمی
  • نجفعلی کریمیان
  • عبدالمجید رونقی
  • جعفر یثربی
Abstract [Persian]

چکیده-   در چند دهه گذشته، در نتیجه فعالیت های انسانی، غلظت فلزات سنگین از جمله سرب در محیط زیست به طور آشکاری افزایش یافته است. خطر اصلی زیست محیطی ناشی از فلزات سنگین خاک مربوط به غلظت شکل های متحرک وقابل جذب توسط گیاه می باشد، کاربرد مواد مختلف از جمله مواد هیومیک ممکن است به دلیل تاثیر بر حلالیت و تحرک آن ها در خاک میزان جذب سرب توسط گیاه را تحت تاثیر قرار دهد. در این تحقیق به منظور بررسی اثر مواد هیومیک چهار سطح از هر کدام از مواد هیومیک تجاری مایع  و جامد در دو آزمایش فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی در یک خاک آهکی آلوده شده با سه سطح سرب به کار برده شد. نتایج این تحقیق گلخانه ای نشان داد که تاثیر دو ماده هیومیک با ترکیبات شیمیایی متفاوت بر وزن خشک  گیاه متفاوت بوده است. تاثیر مواد هیومیک بر وزن خشک گیاه به مقدار زیادی به ترکیب شیمیایی آن ها بستگی دارد. در هر دو آزمایش بیشترین میزان وزن خشک در سطوح توصیه شده به وسیله سازنده این مواد مشاهده شد، اما تیمارهای ماده هیومیک تجاری جامد اثر معنی داری بر میزان وزن خشک گیاه نداشت. کاربرد هر دو ماده هیومیک جذب سرب در گیاه را به طور معنی داری افزایش داد. در هر دو آزمایش، اضافه کردن مواد هیومیک فاکتور غنی سازی را به طور معنی داری افزایش داد، اما اثر کمی بر جذب عناصر میکرو داشت.

Keywords [Persian]

  • واژه های کلیدی:
  • ماده هیومیک
  • سرب
  • خاک آهکی
  • ذرت
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