Attitudes of farmers toward participation in irrigation and drainage projects: the structural equations modeling analysis

Document Type: Research Paper


Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, I. R. Iran


Application of modern irrigation and drainage canals for efficient use of water resources is necessary. Thus , identifying the factors influencing farmers ’ attitudes toward participation in irrigation and drainage projects (IDP) is essential. The purpose of this study is to identify factors affecting attitude toward participation in IDP in Syakh Darenjan, Fars Province , Iran. Stratified random sampling was used to collect data from 207 farmers as the research sample. The reliability and validity of the questionnaire were tested. The results of structural equations modeling from the total sample showed that farmers ' attitude toward participation was affected by social cohesion , perceived behavioral control , social norms and attitudes toward water resources management variables. The results also revealed that social cohesion variable in adopter group and perceived behavioral control variable in the non-adopter group had the most significant effect on the farmers ’ attitude toward participation in IDP.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

دیدگاه کشاورزان نسبت به مشارکت در طرح های آبیاری و زهکشی: تحلیل مدل معادلات ساختاری

Authors [Persian]

  • سمیه توحیدیان فر
  • کوروش رضائی مقدم
دانشگاه شیراز
Abstract [Persian]

بکار گیری کانال های مدرن آبیاری به منظور استفاده بهینه از آب کشور امری ضروری می باشد. به همین دلیل، بررسی عوامل تاثیر گذار بر نگرش کشاورزان نسبت به مشارکت در این طرح ها امری ضروری می باشد. این پژوهش به منظور تعیین عوامل موثر بر مشارکت در ساخت و نگهداری کانال های مدرن آبیاری در منطقه سیاخ دارنجان در استان فارس در ایران انجام گردید. از نمونه گیری تصادفی طبقه ای برای انتخاب 207 نفر از کشاورزان بعنوان نمونه تحقیق استفاده شد. روایی و پایایی پرسش نامه مورد آزمون قرار گرفت. نتایج تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها با مدل معادلات ساختاری در کل نمونه مورد بررسی نشان داد که نگرش فرد نسبت به مشارکت در ساخت و نگهداری کانال های مدرن آبیاری از متغیر های انسجام اجتماعی، درک کنترل رفتاری، ارزش قائل شدن برای نظرات گروه های مرجع و نگرش نسبت به مدیریت منابع آب متاثر می شود. همچنین نتایج بیانگر آن است که انسجام اجتماعی در گروه پذیرنده و درک کنترل رفتاری در گروه نپذیرنده بیشترین تاثیر را بر نگرش کشاورزان نسبت به مشارکت دارند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • نگرش نسبت به مشارکت
  • فارس
  • طرح های آبیاری و زهکشی
  • مدل سازی معادله ساختاری
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